Unit 2, Faust, Part I
Like that declaration, Mephistopheles's description moves close to defining hell not as a place, but as a state of the soul. But think'st thou heaven is such a glorious thing? This is probably an example of the twisted logic the devils often use to get a hold on Faustus's soul. Once inside, Mephistopheles tells Faust that he will drive his sorrows . and sacraments exist to bring people into right relationship with God. 86 quotes have been tagged as faust: Johann Wolfgang von Goethe: 'Who are you then? I am part of that tags: faust, goethe, mephistopheles · likes · Like.
In response, the Devil's representative, Mephistophelesappears. He makes a bargain with Faust: Mephistopheles will serve Faust with his magic powers for a set number of years, but at the end of the term, the Devil will claim Faust's soul, and Faust will be eternally enslaved. During the term of the bargain, Faust makes use of Mephistopheles in various ways. In many versions of the story, particularly Goethe's drama, Mephistopheles helps Faust seduce a beautiful and innocent girl, usually named Gretchen, whose life is ultimately destroyed when she gives birth to Faust's bastard son.
- Doctor Faustus vs. Mephistopheles, or The Unfair Bargain
- Jack Faust
Realizing this unholy act, she drowns the child, and is held for murder. However, Gretchen's innocence saves her in the end, and she enters Heaven after execution. In Goethe's rendition, Faust is saved by God via his constant striving—in combination with Gretchen's pleadings with God in the form of the eternal feminine. However, in the early tales, Faust is irrevocably corrupted and believes his sins cannot be forgiven; when the term ends, the Devil carries him off to Hell.
The Polish folklore legend bears many similarities to the story of Faust. Hans Jonas writes, "surely few admirers of Marlowe's and Goethe's plays have an inkling that their hero is the descendant of a gnostic sectary and that the beautiful Helen called up by his art was once the fallen Thought of God through whose raising mankind was to be saved. Here, a saintly figure makes a bargain with the keeper of the infernal world but is rescued from paying his debt to society through the mercy of the Blessed Virgin.
The Polish story seems to have originated at roughly the same time as its German counterpart, yet It is unclear whether the two tales have a common origin or influenced each other.
The first known printed source of the legend of Faust is a small chapbook bearing the title Historia von D. Johann Faustenpublished in The book was re-edited and borrowed from throughout the 16th century.
Other similar books of that period include: Das Wagnerbuch Dr. Locations linked to the story[ edit ] Staufena town in the extreme southwest of Germany, claims to be where Faust died c. The only historical source for this tradition is a passage in the Chronik der Grafen von Zimmern, which was written around25 years after Faust's presumed death.
These chronicles are generally considered reliable, and in the 16th century there were still family ties between the lords of Staufen and the counts of Zimmern in nearby Donaueschingen. This has led to a measure of speculation as to where precisely his story is set. Christopher Marlowe used this work as the basis for his more ambitious play, The Tragical History of Doctor Faustus published c. Goethe's Faust[ edit ] Another important version of the incredible legend is the play Faustwritten by the German author Johann Wolfgang von Goethe.
The first part, which is the one more closely connected to the earlier legend, was published inthe second posthumously in Faustus feels insecure in the absence of his friend — Mephastophilis.
His mind lingers towards the thoughts of repentance and fears eternal damnation. He thinks about God and wonders if he will ever be forgiven for his sins.
Faustus also thinks that God believes in justice and he will send him to hell anyway for the sins he has already committed. Scene IV is a reflection of the previous scene, Wagner is a parody of Mephastophilis.
Faust Quotes (86 quotes)
This scene is significant because it resembles what has happened before in the play. It also sheds light on the relationship of Dr. Faustus and Mephastophilis by offering some comic relief to the readers.
The relationship between Dr. Faustus and Mephastophilis undergoes many ups and downs. As the play progresses, we witness many indicators of Homoeroticism. However, the sense of homoeroticism that exists between these two is not sexual.
It has more elements of faith, loyalty, devotion and love. There are many instances of homo-eroticism in the play. It is ironic that Faustus feels secure in the presence of the devil but is afraid of God and repenting for his sins. This also shows that Mephastophilis has a certain type of influence over Faustus.
There is also a sense of devotion here like a servant has for his master. Lucifer too refers to Beelzebub as his dame, which is another instance of homo eroticism. There is a strange kind of friendship between Faustus and Mephastophilis. Yet he never considers using this denial as grounds for maintaining that the contract is void. Faustus requests for knowledge are similarly denied or inadequately satisfied. Mephastophilis acts as a trickster and uses flattery and temptation to distract Faustus from asking significant questions, the answers of which, will make him lament and condemn necromancy.
For example- In Scene V, when he is contemplating his decision while writing the deed, Mephastophilis and the other devils bring crowns and rich clothes to Faustus. They dance and put on a show in front of Faustus to delight him. Faustus gets this high, when he is with Mephastophilishe feels like he is invincible. He hands him books of black magic, astrology, plants and herbs to keep him distracted from asking many questions about heaven and hell. Faustus also agrees to play tricks on the Pope and the friars.
He puts a robe on Faustus and makes him invisible. The Pope and a group of Friars enter. Faustus plays tricks on them by snatching plates and cups from them. Finally, he boxes the pope on the ear.
The Friars begin to sing a dirge to remove the present evil spirit, Mephastophilis and Faustus beat the friars and launch some fireworks among them. The next scene is again a reflection on the previous one as Rafe and Robin too play tricks on the Vintner just like Faustus and Mephastophilis.
Faustus then goes on to achieve greatness by showing off his skills to the Emperor and the Duke by bringing the spirits of Alexander the great and is paramour. With the help of Mephastophilis he brings grapes for the Duchess in the winter season. Here the role of Mephastophilis is nothing but playing the role of an assistant to Faustus. He stays invisible and serves Faustus.
Faustus is too proud and teaches the Knight a lesson for making the Emperor doubt his skills by putting a set of horns on him. He then removes it on the request of the Emperor.
Mephistopheles Quotes (11 quotes)
Faustus continues to display his skills. With the help of Mephastophilis he gets Helen of Greece to appear before the scholars. But none of these magic tricks make him happy.