in the same relation as the writings of the logographers to the poems of Homer. The argument of the Republic is the search after Justice, the nature of which is first hinted at by Cephalus, the just and blameless old man–then discussed on. Download full-text PDF Article (PDF Available) · July with Reads In terms of ethics of human - nature relationship, it is possible to mention three . In order to sustain their livings humans are obliged to have environmetal inputs. of what the authors call a double equality-a relation in which persons are . The equality in nature among men consists of their concrete.Man - Nature and Culture - Nature Relationship
Puts tremendous pressure on the natural resources and environmental quality. This is due to the fact that population growth leads to poverty which directly or indirectly declines the environmental standard.
Rational use of non polluted water resources: The restoration of water quality of our water bodies and their optimum uses are the challenges before the present society. To sustain and increase agricultural growth: The over cultivation of soil, results in nutrient deficiency, lack of organic matter, soil salinity and damage to physical structure of the soil. To check soil erosion: The soil erosion can be prevented by the restoration of land or soil resources which are directly or indirectly related to strategies for the management of land, water and forest.
Restoration of forest resources: The forest resources are depleting at a very faster rate in order to meet growing need of timber and farmland for the increased population.
Human nature - Wikipedia
Vast forest areas have been converted into barren waste lands. So it is the need of the present society to restore our forest resources possibly through social forestry and afforestation programmes.
The overexploitation of natural resources, intervention of bio-geochemical cycles and trace element cycle, extraneous release of matter and energy etc. In addition, continuous green house gas emission, hazardous chemicals of industry and agriculture, nuclear arsenals; radioactive wastes and biotechnological misuse lead to global catastrophism.
So the prevention of pollution is of prime importance for the present society. Considering the above issues, it is clear that the fate of human being depends on how he is managing and overcoming the above problems.
This type of community is different in kind from a large family, and requires the special use of human reason. Man loves to use his imagination and not only to make laws and run town councils.
He says "we enjoy looking at accurate likenesses of things which are themselves painful to see, obscene beasts, for instance, and corpses. Much of Aristotle's description of human nature is still influential today.
However, the particular teleological idea that humans are "meant" or intended to be something has become much less popular in modern times. Aristotle developed the standard presentation of this approach with his theory of four causes. Every living thing exhibits four aspects or "causes": For example, an oak tree is made of plant cells mattergrew from an acorn effectexhibits the nature of oak trees formand grows into a fully mature oak tree end.
Man and Environment: Essay on Man and Environment
Human nature is an example of a formal cause, according to Aristotle. Likewise, to become a fully actualized human being including fully actualizing the mind is our end. The cultivation of learning and intellectual growth of the philosopher, which is thereby also the happiest and least painful life. In Chinese thought[ edit ] Human nature is a central question in Chinese philosophy. Christian theology In Christian theology, there are two ways of "conceiving human nature".
The first is "spiritual, Biblical, and theistic", whereas the second is "natural, cosmical, and anti-theistic". As William James put it in his study of human nature from a religious perspective, "religion" has a "department of human nature". However, there are some "basic assertions" in all "biblical anthropology". The Bible contains no single "doctrine of human nature".
Rather, it provides material for more philosophical descriptions of human nature. Created human nature[ edit ] As originally created, the Bible describes "two elements" in human nature: By this was created a "living soul", that is, a "living person". One is that being created in the image of God distinguishes human nature from that of the beasts. A third is that mankind possesses an inherent ability "to set goals" and move toward them. Fall of man By Adam 's fall into sin, "human nature" became "corrupt", although it retains the image of God.
Both the Old Testament and the New Testament teach that "sin is universal".
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- Man and Environment: Essay on Man and Environment
This condition is sometimes called " total depravity ". However, the "universality of sin" implies a link to Adam. In the New Testament, Paul concurs with the "universality of sin". He also makes explicit what the Old Testament implied: It is in part a "generalization from obvious facts" open to empirical observation. Biologist Richard Dawkins in his The Selfish Gene states that "a predominant quality" in a successful surviving gene is "ruthless selfishness".
Furthermore, "this gene selfishness will usually give rise to selfishness in individual behavior". White, PhD,  finds a "selfish" trait in children from birth, a trait that expresses itself in actions that are "blatantly selfish. Sumner finds such human nature to be universal: Harris calls this condition "intrinsic badness" or "original sin". In their book, Unto Others: The Evolution and Psychology of Unselfish Behavior, they propose a theory of multilevel group selection in support of an inherent genetic "altruism" in opposition to the original sin exclusivity for human nature.
But the above examples document the return to a "more realistic view" of human nature "as basically sinful and self-centered ". Human nature needs "to be regenerated Regeneration theology According to the Bible, "Adam's disobedience corrupted human nature" but God mercifully "regenerates". Bacon sometimes wrote as if he accepted the traditional four causes "It is a correct position that "true knowledge is knowledge by causes". And causes again are not improperly distributed into four kinds: But of these the final cause rather corrupts than advances the sciences, except such as have to do with human action.
The discovery of the formal is despaired of.