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Pakistan's relations with Afghanistan and implications for regional politics Despite a decade of U.S. attempts to bring Islamabad and Rawalpindi (the seats of. hdwallpaperfree.info: US-Pakistan Relationship: Soviet Invasion of Afghanistan (US Foreign Policy and Conflict in the Islamic World) (): A.Z. Hilali. The future of U.S.-Pakistan relations “is dependent on the improvement of the situation in Afghanistan,” Pakistani Foreign Minister Shah.
Pakistan is also cognizant of the development benefits large pockets of Afghan society have extracted from the U. Third, Pakistan has an interest in having the Afghan insurgent groups currently present in its tribal belt relocated to Afghanistan. Their presence provides the TTP and other anti-Pakistan groups the ability to present their actions as an extension of the Afghan fight against the Americans.
The sheer proximity of the two factions carries a lingering threat of growing organic, and perhaps even covert, links. In practical terms, the above implies substantial convergence in U.
To begin with, both sides see an interest in stabilizing Afghanistan. This should prevent Pakistan from supporting any move that raises Western costs to a point that they consider a premature troop withdrawal. Next, the averseness to the Afghanistan of the s means that Pakistan is open to a broad-based government in Kabul. Approaching the End State Despite some shared goals between the United States and Pakistan, there should not be unwarranted optimism.
There are a number of differences that need to be addressed within this frame of convergence.
It is still not clear whether Washington would accept the three Afghan insurgent groups playing a role in the new government. Moreover, the United States would likely seek as a prerequisite a guarantee that Afghan soil would not be used against U.
Pakistan will be unable to provide any such assurance. If so, will India find enough reason to oblige?
The United States will have to be realistic as it moves forward. If repeated recent U. An imperfect yet defendable settlement is the best one can hope for at this point. Pakistan on its part must not get carried away by its success in regaining a place at the table.
Its achievement is tactical at best, and any flirtation with unrealistic goals in Afghanistan may cause this to be converted into a strategic loss. Be that as it may, Washington and Islamabad are best advised to focus exclusively on the points of convergence identified in this article.
Within this framework, they should seek a minimal end state acceptable to both. Many of these foreign fighters married local women and decided to stay in Pakistan, among them were radical Muslims such those of Saudi-led Al-Qaeda and Egyptian Muslim Brotherhood as well as prisoners from Arab countries.
There were no regular schools provided for the refugees but only madrasas in which students were trained to become members of the Taliban movement.
The U.S.-Pakistan Relationship and Finding an End State in Afghanistan
The Taliban claimed that they wanted to clean Afghanistan from the warlords and criminals. According to Pakistan and Afghanistan expert Ahmed Rashid"between andan estimated 80, toPakistanis trained and fought in Afghanistan" keeping the Taliban regime in power. However, the relations began to decline when the Taliban refused to endorse the Durand Line despite pressure from Islamabad, arguing that there shall be no borders among Muslims.
InAfghan President Hamid Karzai warned that " Iran and Pakistan and others are not fooling anyone" when it comes to interfering in his country. In the past we have suffered alone; this time everybody will suffer with us.
All the countries in the neighborhood have the same ethnic groups that we have, so they should know that it is a different ball game this time.
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InAfghan intelligence captured Muhammad Hanifthe Taliban spokesman. During his interrogation which was recorded, Hanif claimed that the Taliban leader was being kept in Quetta under the protection of the ISI.
Pakistan usually denies these allegations but has said in the past that it does not have full control of the actions of the ISI. There have been a number of reports about the Afghanistan—Pakistan skirmisheswhich usually occur when army soldiers are in hot pursuit chasing insurgents who cross the border back and forth.
Afghanistan–Pakistan relations - Wikipedia
This leads to tensions between the two states, especially after hearing reports of civilian casualties. They may believe that by using these proxies, they are hedging their bets or redressing what they feel is an imbalance in regional power. But in reality, they have already lost that bet. Ambassador to PakistanCameron Muntertold Radio Pakistan that "the attack that took place in Kabul a few days ago, that was the work of the Haqqani network.
There is evidence linking the Haqqani Network to the Pakistan government. This is something that must stop. Pakistani officials say the Taliban control enough territory in Afghanistan that they do not need Pakistan.
That is an argument the United States has never accepted. Pakistan also insists the United States is over estimating the Taliban presence in Pakistan. He added there may be remnants of militants hiding among the population, but the government is going after them through follow-up operations. This is why Pakistan will see an increasing difficulty with U. Lynch says that does not mean talks are off the table, it means the United States would talk after it has considerably weakened the Taliban militarily.
Regional rivalries block change But Richard Olsen, a former U. Islamabad fears its rival, India, which has good relations with Kabul, will use the opportunity to encircle Pakistan from the west, according to Yusuf and Stephen Hadley, former U. Assistant for National Security Affairs.