Taliban in pakistan and afghanistan relationship

taliban in pakistan and afghanistan relationship

More recently, Afghan President Ashraf Ghani and then-Pakistani Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif attack on a military-run school in Peshawar claimed by the Tehrik -i-Taliban Pakistan or TTP. Afghanistan-Pakistan relations. The Afghan Taliban is a nationalist movement, and they repeatedly say they're a In addition, they receive support from the Pakistan Taliban, [which is] already. Afghanistan–Pakistan relations involve bilateral relations between Afghanistan and Pakistan. Water rights, the growing relations of India and Afghanistan, Pakistani support of Taliban forces in Afghanistan, and Afghanistan's continued.

  • Afghanistan–Pakistan relations
  • The Complicated Relationship Between the Afghan and Pakistani Taliban

Its efforts are focused on fighting Afghan and international troops in Afghanistan. Indeed, even after reports suggested that the Afghan Taliban distanced itself from Baitullah, he continued to pledge allegiance to Mullah Omar as he wanted to maintain his support base in his native Waziristan as well as in the rest of Pakistan. Just like his predecessor, current TTP chief Hakimullah Mehsud also calls Mullah Omar his leader despite the fact that the Afghan Taliban never supported and approved attacks against Pakistani forces, the government or civilians.

Therefore, long-term interests as well as strategic expediencies are keeping both the Afghan and Pakistani Taliban—including the TTP—together despite having different approaches to the conflict in South Asia.

taliban in pakistan and afghanistan relationship

Various reports also suggest that the Afghan Taliban sometimes leverages the Haqqani network to help maintain peace between the TTP and other Afghan or Pakistani Taliban factions in the tribal areas. The military instead concentrates its operations against those groups that primarily target Pakistani troops and civilians. Should peace talks occur, two theories have been presented about the future of the Pakistani Taliban.

The first theory is that violence in Pakistan will subside after the withdrawal of U. Concurrently, the Afridi tribesmen began to rise up in arms against the British, creating a zone of instability between Peshawar and the Durand Line.

As a result, travel across the boundary was almost entirely halted, and the Pashtun tribes living under the British rule began to orient themselves eastward in the direction of the Indian railways. By the time of the Indian independence movementprominent Pashtun nationalists such as Abdul Ghaffar Khan advocated unity with the nearly formed Dominion of Indiaand not a united Afghanistan — highlighting the extent to which infrastructure and instability began to erode the Pashtun self-identification with Afghanistan.

By the time of Pakistan independence movementpopular opinion among Pashtuns was in support of joining the Dominion of Pakistan. The Afghan government has not formally accepted the Durand Line as the international border between the two states, claiming that the Durand Line Agreement has been void in the past.

Pakistan felt that the border issue had been resolved before its birth in It also feared a revolt from the warring tribes which could eventually have brought the state down as it happened when Ahmad Shah Durrani unified the Pashtuns and toppled the Mughal Empire of India.

It’s Complicated: The Relationship Between Afghanistan, Pakistan, and the Taliban

This unmanagable border has always served as the main trade route between Afghanistan and the South Asiaespecially for supplies into Afghanistan. Secondly, it politically and financially backed secessionist politicians in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa in the s.

taliban in pakistan and afghanistan relationship

The Afghan government denied involvement, saying they were pro-Pashtunistan tribesmen. Diplomatic relations were restored in September.

In August, the consulates in both countries closed and relations were broken in September The situation was not defused until about The Pashtun assimilation into the Pakistani state followed years of rising Pashtun influence in Pakistani politics and the nation's bureaucracy, culminating in Ayub KhanYahya KhanIshaq Khan — all Pashtuns, attaining leadership of Pakistan.

taliban in pakistan and afghanistan relationship

The largest nationalist party of the time, the Awami National Party ANPdropped its secessionist agenda and embraced the Pakistani state, leaving only a small Pakhtunkhwa Millat Party to champion the cause of independence in relation to both Pakistan and Afghanistan. Despite the weaknesses of the early secessionist movement, this period in history continues to negatively influence Pakistani-Afghan relations in the 21st century, in addition to the province's politics.

Afghanistan–Pakistan relations - Wikipedia

War in Afghanistan —presentAfghans in Pakistanand Afghanistan—Pakistan skirmishes George Crile III and Charlie Wilson Texas politician with an unnamed political personality in the background person wearing the aviator glasses looking at the photo camera. They were the main players in Operation Cyclonethe code name for the United States Central Intelligence Agency program to arm and finance the multi-national mujahideen during the Soviet—Afghan Warto Aziz said that Pakistan should not antagonize groups that pose no threat to it.

taliban in pakistan and afghanistan relationship

In reference to the Afghan Taliban he argued: In a discussion with the author in early Dec. Lost credibility could form fractures within the Taliban leading to the creation of splinter groups.

taliban in pakistan and afghanistan relationship

Even ideological differences within the Taliban may prevent the group from listening to Pakistan. While many militants join the Taliban under radical Islamic motivations, others join for financial purposes or to exact revenge for personal grievances. Illegal businesses — including the drug trade, timber, illegal mining, extortion, and taxing of development projects — not only serve as primary financial sources for the Afghan Taliban, but also inspire many to join the group.

Afghan and international forces causing civilian casualties and insulting cultural and Islamic values also boosts the recruitment of non-ideological militants.

These militants, pursuing profit or revenge from the Afghan government, will continue fighting regardless of the political settlement. Taliban leadership also believes that agreeing to negotiate with the government at this juncture will cost them the current influence they have.