Who are the Electors in the Electoral College? - National Constitution Center
Each state has as many "electors" in the Electoral College as it has When voters go to the polls in a Presidential election, they actually are voting for the slate of the popular vote of each state, the winning slate of electors meet in the state. MADISON, WI – Ten Democratic Presidential Electors will gather today at the State Capitol to officially cast Wisconsin's Electoral College votes for President and. In 48 states, electoral votes are apportioned on a winner-takes-all basis, while those electors meet—typically in the capitals of their respective states—to cast.
In some states, such as OklahomaVirginia and North Carolinaelectors are nominated in party conventions. In Pennsylvaniathe campaign committee of each candidate names their respective electoral college candidates an attempt to discourage faithless electors.
Varying by state, electors may also be elected by state legislatures, or appointed by the parties themselves. However, the Congress may remove this disqualification by a two-thirds vote in each House.
How Does the Electoral College Work?
Since the Civil Warall states have chosen presidential electors by popular vote. This process has been normalized to the point the names of the electors appear on the ballot in only eight states: In those states, the winner of the popular vote in each of its congressional districts is awarded one elector, and the winner of the statewide vote is then awarded the state's remaining two electors. Maine and Nebraska use the "congressional district method", selecting one elector within each congressional district by popular vote and selecting the remaining two electors by a statewide popular vote.
This method has been used in Maine since and in Nebraska since In most states, voters choose a slate of electors, and only a few states list on the ballot the names of proposed electors.
In some states, if a voter wants to write in a candidate for president, the voter is also required to write in the names of proposed electors. After the election, each state prepares seven Certificates of Ascertainment, each listing the candidates for president and vice president, their pledged electors, and the total votes each candidacy received.
The Certificates of Ascertainment are mandated to carry the State Seal, and the signature of the Governor in the case of the District of Columbia, the Certificate is signed by the Mayor of the District of Columbia.
Hayes and William A. Electors meet in their respective state capitals electors for the District of Columbia meet within the District on the Monday after the second Wednesday in December, at which time they cast their electoral votes on separate ballots for president and vice president.
- Electoral College Fast Facts
- United States Electoral College
The meeting is opened by the election certification official — often that state's secretary of state or equivalent — who reads the Certificate of Ascertainment. This document sets forth who was chosen to cast the electoral votes. The attendance of the electors is taken and any vacancies are noted in writing. The next step is the selection of a president or chairman of the meeting, sometimes also with a vice chairman.
The electors sometimes choose a secretary, often not himself an elector, to take the minutes of the meeting. In many states, political officials give short speeches at this point in the proceedings.
When the time for balloting arrives, the electors choose one or two people to act as tellers. Some states provide for the placing in nomination of a candidate to receive the electoral votes the candidate for president of the political party of the electors. Each elector submits a written ballot with the name of a candidate for president.
In New Jerseythe electors cast ballots by checking the name of the candidate on a pre-printed card; in North Carolinathe electors write the name of the candidate on a blank card. The tellers count the ballots and announce the result.
How Does the Electoral College Work? | hdwallpaperfree.info
The next step is the casting of the vote for vice president, which follows a similar pattern. Each state's electors must complete six Certificates of Vote.
Each Certificate of Vote must be signed by all of the electors and a Certificate of Ascertainment must be attached to each of the Certificates of Vote.
Each Certificate of Vote must include the names of those who received an electoral vote for either the office of president or of vice president. The electors certify the Certificates of Vote and copies of the Certificates are then sent in the following fashion: A staff member of the President of the Senate collects the Certificates of Vote as they arrive and prepares them for the joint session of the Congress.
The Certificates are arranged — unopened — in alphabetical order and placed in two special mahogany boxes. He passes the votes to four tellers—two from the House and two from the Senate—who announce the results. House tellers include one Representative from each party and are appointed by the Speaker. At the end of the count, the Vice President then declares the name of the next President.
The date of the count was changed in,and Sitting Vice Presidents John C. BreckinridgeRichard NixonHubert Humphreyand Al Gore all announced that they had lost their own bid for the Presidency. Objections Since3 U. During the Joint Session, Members of Congress may object to individual electoral votes or to state returns as a whole.
An objection must be declared in writing and signed by at least one Representative and one Senator.
Electoral College - HISTORY
In the case of an objection, the Joint Session recesses and each chamber considers the objection separately in a session which cannot last more than two hours with each Member speaking for no more than five minutes. After each house votes on whether or not to accept the objection, the Joint Session reconvenes and both chambers disclose their decisions.
If they agree to the objection, the votes in question are not counted. If either chamber does not agree with the objection, the votes are counted. Objections to the Electoral College votes were recorded in and Political parties within states pick people to serve as electors, under rules approved by state legislatures.
The electors are usually party leaders or members. Here are the basics: The total number of Electoral College members equals the number of people in Congress and three additional electors from the District of Columbia. States have different rules for when official slates are submitted to election officials.
Each political party decides how to submit its slate of electors, at the request of its presidential candidate. The state decides when that slate needs to be submitted. On Election Day, people vote for a Presidential and Vice Presidential candidate and the slate of electors that represents those candidates.
The electors of each state convene after the election, under current federal law, on the first Monday after the second Wednesday in December. Any disputes within the states over electors must be resolved by December