Greek Mythology - HISTORY
Myth has two main functions,” the poet and scholar Robert Graves wrote in “The first is to answer the sort of awkward questions that children ask, such. The most complete version of the Greek creation myths that survives is a poem called the Theogony (“Birth of Meet the Titans, the second generation of gods. In Greek mythology Mount Olympus was the home of the gods who dwelt in where Apollon stirred forth to meet her from his seat on Pergamos, where he.
Then Zeus himself of the wide brows took his place on the golden throne, as underneath his feet tall Olympos was shaken. These two alone, Hera and Athene, stayed seated apart aside from Zeus, and would not speak to him, nor ask him a question; but he knew the whole matter within his heart, and spoke to them: Surely in the battle where men win glory you were not wearied out, destroying those Trojans on whom you have set your grim wrath.
In the whole account, such is my strength and my hand so invincible, not all the gods who are on Olympos could turn me backward, but before this the trembling took hold of your shining bodies, before you could look upon the fighting and war's work of sorrow for I will say straight out, and it would now be a thing accomplished: All were blaming the son of Kronos, Zeus of the dark mists, because his will was to give glory to the Trojans.
To these gods the father gave no attention at all, but withdrawn from them and rejoicing in the pride of his strength sat apart from the others looking out over the city of Troy and the ships of the Akhaians Achaeanswatching the flash of bronze, and men killing and men killed.
Then she saw Zeus, sitting along the loftiest summit on Ida of the springs, and in her eyes he was hateful. And now the lady ox-eyed Hera was divided in purpose as to who she could beguile the brain of Zeus of the aigis.
And to her mind this thing appeared to the best counsel, to array herself in loveliness, and go down to Ida, and perhaps he might be taken with desire to lie in love with her next her skin, and she might be taken with desire to lie in love with her next her skin, and she might be able to drift an innocent warm sleep across his eyelids, and seal his crafty perceptions. She went into her chamber, which her beloved son Hephaistos had built for her, and closed the leaves in the door-posts snugly with a secret door-bar, and no other of the gods could open it.
There entering she drew shut the leaves of the shining door, then first from her adorable body washed away all stains with ambrosia, and next anointed herself with ambrosial sweet olive oil, which stood there in its fragrance beside her, and from which, stirred in the house of Zeus by the golden pavement, a fragrance was shaken forever forth, on earth and in heaven.
When with this he had anointed her delicate body and combed her hair, next with her hands she arranged her shining and lovely and ambrosial curls along her immortal head, and dressed in an ambrosial robe that Athene had made her carefully, smooth, and with many figures upon it, and pinned it across her breast with a golden brooch, and circled her waist about with a zone that floated a hundred tassels, and in the lobes of her carefully pierced ears she put rings and triple drops in mulberry clusters, radiant with beauty, and, lovely among goddesses, she veiled her head downward with a sweet fresh veil that glimmered pale like the sunlight.
Underneath her shining feet she bound on the fair sandals. Now, when she had clothed her body in all this loveliness, she went out from the chamber, and called aside Aphrodite to come away from the rest of the gods, and spoke a word to her: Or would you refuse it? Are you forever angered against me because I defend the Danaans, while you help the Trojans? My heart is urgent to do it if I can, and if it is a thing that can be accomplished.
So Aphrodite went back into the house, Zeus' daughter, while Hera in a flash of speed left the horn of Olympos and crossed over Pieria and Emathia the lovely and overswept the snowy hills of the Thrakian riders and their uttermost pinnacles, nor touched the ground with her feet. Then from Athos she crossed over the heaving main sea and came to Lemnos, and to the city of godlike Thoas. There she encountered Hypnos Sleepthe brother of Thanatos Death. If now your great desire is to lie in love together here on the peaks of Ida, everything can be seen.
Then what would happen if some one of the gods everlasting saw us sleeping, and went and told all the other immortals of it? I would not simply rise out of bed and go back again, into your house, and such a thing would be shameful. No, if this is your heart's desire, if this is your wish, then there is my chamber, which my beloved son Hephaisto Hephaestus s has built for me, and closed the leaves in the door-posts snugly.
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We can go back there and lie down, since bed is your pleasure. Do you not remember that time you hung from high and on your feet I slung two anvils, and about your hands drove a golden chain, unbreakable. You among the clouds and the bright sky hung, nor could the gods about tall Olympos endure it and stood about, but could not set you free.
If I caught one I would seize and throw him from the threshold, until he landed stunned on the earth, yet even so the weariless agony for Herakles the godlike would not let go my spirit. She came to sheer Olympos and entered among the assembled immortal gods in the house of Zeus, and they seeing her rose all to swarm about her and lifted their cups in greeting.
But Hera passed by the others and accepted a cup from Themis of the fair cheeks, since she had first come running to greet her and had spoken to her and addressed her in winged words: You seem like one who has been terrified. I know, it was the son of Kronos Cronusyour husband, frightened you. You yourself know what his spirit is, how it is stubborn and arrogant.
Preside still over the gods in their house, the feast's fair division. Yet so much may you hear, and with you all the other immortals, how Zeus discloses evil actions, and I do not think the heart of all will be pleasured alike, neither among mortals nor gods either, although one now still feasts at his pleasure. Hera was smiling with her lips, but above the dark brows her forehead was not at peace.
She spoke before them all in vexation: Still we are thinking in our anger to go near, and stop him by argument or force. He sits apart and cares nothing nor thinks of us, and says that among the other immortals he is pre-eminently the greatest in power and strength. Therefore each of you must take whatever evil he sends you. Since I think already a sorrow has been wrought against Ares.
His son has been killed in the fighting, dearest of all men to him, Askalaphos, whom stark Ares calls his own son. Then Ares struck against both his big things with the flats of his hands, and spoke a word of anger and sorrow: And there might have been wrought another anger, and bitterness from Zeus, still greater, more wearisome among the immortals, had not Athene, in her fear for the sake of all gods, sprung up and out through the forecourt, left her chair where she was sitting, and taken the helmet off from his head, the shield from his shoulders, and snatched out of his heavy hand the bronze spear, and fixed it apart, and then in speech reasoned with violent Ares: Your ears can listen still to reality, but your mind is gone and your discipline.
Do you not hear what the goddess Hera of the white arms tells us, and she coming back even now from Zeus of Olympos?
Do you wish, after running the course of many misfortunes yourself, still to come back to Olympos under compulsion though reluctant, and plant seed of great sorrow among the rest of us? Since he will at once leave the Akhaians Achaeans and the high-hearted Trojans, and come back to batter us on Olympos and will catch up as they come the guilty one and the guiltless.
Therefore I ask of you to give up your anger for your son.
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By now some other, better of his strength and hands than your son was, has been killed, or will soon be killed; and it is a hard thing to rescue all the generation and seed of all mortals. But Hera called to come with her outside the house Apollon and Iris, who is messenger among the immortal gods, and spoke to them and addressed them in winged words: They in a flash of speed winged their way onward.
They came to Ida with all her springs, the mother of wild beasts, and found the wide-browed son of Kronos on the height of Gargaron, sitting still, and fragrant cloud gathered in a circle about him.
These two came into the presence of Zeus the cloud gatherer and stood, nor was his heart angry when he looked upon them, seeing they had promptly obeyed the message of his dear lady. All was divided among us three ways, each given his domain.
Meet the Greek Gods – Rick Riordan
Leopard-skin shirt, walking shorts, purple socks and sandals, the general pasty demeanor of someone who has been up partying much too late. He can usually be found playing pinochle with a group of terrified satyrs on the front porch of the Big House. If you want to join the game, be prepared to bet large. Dionysus invented wine, which so impressed his father Zeus that he promoted Dionysus to god.
The guy who invented prune juice, by contrast, got sentenced to the Fields of Punishment. Dionysus mostly spent his time partying it up in Ancient Greece, but once a crew of sailors tried to kill him, thinking the god was too incapacitated to fight back.
Dionysus turned them into dolphins and sent them over the side. The moral of this story: Do not mess with a god, even a drunk one. He sits on a throne of bones. Hades rarely leaves his obsidian palace in the Underworld, probably because of traffic congestion on the Fields of Asphodel freeway. He oversees a booming population among the dead and has all sorts of employment trouble with his ghouls and specters.
This keeps him in a foul mood most of the time. Hades is best known for the romantic way he won his wife, Persephone. Really, though, how would you like to marry someone who lives in a dark cave filled with zombies all year round? Hypnos appears as a young man with wings sprouting from his brow, probably to keep him from doing a face plant whenever he falls asleep.
Sometimes he is seen carrying an upside-down torch.
Probably because the flames keep him awake. Hypnos lives in Erebos, deep in the Underworld, but can often be found trying out the mattresses at the Sleep Shop. He is the son of Nyx Night and loves putting people to sleep. He is the brother of Thanatos Death. But unlike his brother, Hypnos might let you wake up eventually. Hypnos could be good or bad in ancient times. He brought rest and dreams, but he could also sneak up on you and cause you to doze off at bad moments.
In his Roman form of Somnus, the god liked to make sentries fall asleep on duty which was an automatic death sentence or make ship navigators fall asleep at the wheel. Nike has the wings of an angel and rides a chariot. She usually has a golden laurel wreath handy to give to the winners of major battles, sports competitions, and the state lottery.
The goddess does not find it amusing to be confused with footwear. You are likely to meet Nike at the World Series, the Superbowl, and most other major sporting events, where she will be hovering overheard, deciding which team to grant victory.
She values bravery and skill, though she also likes a good halftime show. Nike was very popular, since everybody wanted victory. Olympic athletes would sacrifice to her, as would soldiers before a big battle. After all, the goddess of victory is pretty much the best wheelman you can ask for. Victoria Janus God of beginnings, choices and doorways Jay-nus Distinguishing features: Kind of hard to miss Janus, since he has two faces.
He can be a pain, since he can never make up his mind and tends to argue with himself. On the bright side, he can sing a solo in two-part harmony.
Janus likes to dress as a New York City doorman. He shows up just when heroes have an important choice to make, usually offering them two doors to choose from. At least one of the doors typically leads to a nasty death. He can open many doors and he stands for new beginnings, but think carefully before making choices. Janus was one of the most important Roman gods. January, the beginning month of the year, was named after him. The evil look in her eyes should tell you that this lady is not here to give you victory.
She also carries a wheel sometimes, symbolizing how fate can turn on you. Notice above she is trampling some poor fool underfoot. She just loves doing that. Nemesis usually hangs around the classroom the day major projects are due. All those who put off working until the last minute are likely to feel her lash. If it seems like somebody is out to get you, she is. Nemesis was feared more than she was worshipped.
Zeus was hidden there and he was raised by a goat named Amaltheia and some nymphs. Instead of a child, Rhea gave Cronus swallow a stone.
Zeus taking power When Zeus grew up, he decided to revenge his father for all the bad things he had done to the family. Using a trick, Rhea made Cronus vomit her five children, who joined their brother Zeus in this family war.
On one side, there was the Olympian Gods and the Cyclops and on the other side, there were Cronus, the Titans and the Giants. Zeus and the Olympian Gods finally won in the war that lasted for ten years. Zeus was their leader and Hera was his sister-wife.
The twelve Olympian Gods actually consisted of Zeus and his siblings, as well as few children of Zeus who were born later. People gave the gods special domains of rule and also attributed them human characteristics. Zeus Zeus was the god of the earth and the sky. His symbols were the thunderbolt, the eagle, the bull and the oak. Although he was married to Hera, his elder sister, he would frequently cheat on her with many mortal women, other goddesses and nymphs.
He is usually depicted in statues and paintings as a middle-aged man seating on his throne or throwing a thunderbolt, the symbol of punishment. Hera Hera was the queen of the Gods.
Pictured as a middle-aged still charming woman, Hera was the protector of women and marriage. She was jealous in character and when she knew about the infidelity of Zeus, his mistresses would suffer a lot. The peacock was her symbol. According to the myth, Hera was also the protector of the Amazons. Poseidon Poseidon, the god of the sea and the earthquakes, was much adored in ancient Greece. As many cities had a strong naval power, Poseidon was the protector of these cities.
He usually mated with nymphs of the water and had many children. His symbols were the trident, the dolphin, the fish and the horse. He was seen as an old man riding his horse-carriage out of the waves.
Hades Hades, another brother of Zeus, was the ruler of the Underworld, the world of the dead. The ancient people depicted him as an old man with white hair and beard. His kingdom was found under the earth. Using a trick, this old man married a beautiful young girl, Persephone, the beloved daughter of goddess Demeter.
Hestia Hestia was the goddess of the hearth and the household. She was the noblest and most lovable goddesses for the ancient Greeks and she symbolized harmony in the family and the city. Every household and public building in ancient Greece had an altar dedicated to Hestia in the centre of a room where fire would burn all day and night.
Hestia was never married or had children. Not being able to bear the continuous quarrels between the gods, Hestia left Olympus and went to live somewhere quieter, giving her place in Olympus to Dionysus.
Aphrodite Aphrodite was the goddess of beauty. She was forever beautiful and young. Shallow in nature, Aphrodite has a lot of affairs with mortals. Her son was Cupid, the familiar young boy with wings who played with his arrows and made people fall in love.
Aphrodite was no directly connected to Zeus. She was probably a generation older than the other Olympian Gods. The myth says that she was born out of the foam of the sea either near Paphos Cyrpus or near Kythira island.
Demeter Demeter was the goddess of nature and fertility. She maintained the circle of life on the earth the circle of young and old, life and deathalternating the seasons and reviving nature in spring.