Elizabeth I and Mary, Queen of Scots: Cousins, Rivals, Queens - HISTORY
Crowned Queen of Scots at just nine months old; married, crowned Queen Mary believed a face to face meeting would convince Elizabeth to name her as heir. Mary, Queen of Scots (8 December – 8 February ), also known as Mary Stuart or Mary had once claimed Elizabeth's throne as her own, and was considered the legitimate sovereign of England by .. They next met on Saturday 17 February at Wemyss Castle in Scotland, after which Mary fell in love with the. The problem, for Mary Queen of Scots an Elizabeth I: the “conspiratorial, and why Elizabeth I and Mary never actually ended up meeting face-to-face. which she eventually did, he would perhaps marry Elizabeth himself.
Mary, Queen of Scots - Wikipedia
The public found the marriage shocking, and Mary was denounced as as an adulteress Bothwell had been married previously, so Catholics considered the marriage to Mary unlawful and a murderer.
Soon, Mary was forced to abdicate the Scottish throne in favor of her one-year-old son and imprisoned.
For Mary, her 19 years in captivity would be dull and repetitive, as she was shuffled from one minor English castle or manor to another. Due to her rank, Elizabeth demanded Mary be kept in relative luxury with a small retinue of loyal servants to keep her company. But her years of boredom gave Mary ample opportunity to write her cousin letters, hoping to convince Elizabeth that they could be partners instead of enemies. It was nothing personal: Mary, Queen of Scots was convicted of treason on October 25, Since her birth, Elizabeth had repeatedly been taught the most important lesson for any successful royal ruler.
Almost all relationships—especially familial ones—are in the end, only political. She was forced to retreat to Edinburgh Castle, and died there on 11 June. Keen to secure the position of her own children, Catherine made sure that Mary could not remain in France. She aligned with her Protestant half-brother, Lord James Stewart, who advised her to maintain the religious status quo. She was presented with the keys to the city, a Bible and a book of Psalms.
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The celebrations blatantly promoted the Protestant cause and attacked Catholicism. First audience with John Knox Mary summoned the Protestant Reformation leader Knox five times to answer allegations he made against her. During their first audience she accused him of provoking armed revolt. He compared her to the tyrant Nero.
Mary held her own till Knox left, then broke down in tears. Mary believed a face to face meeting would convince Elizabeth to name her as heir. Arrangements were well advanced for that summer but abandoned when England became embroiled in the French Wars of Religion.Mary Queen of Scots - clip - Meeting
Elizabeth contracted smallpox, delaying a meeting still further. A Spanish marriage Mary considered several options for a husband. Inher first choice, Don Carlos, heir to the Spanish throne, failed after he suffered brain damage in a fall down some stairs. Neither Mary nor Dudley wished the match. Dudley proposed Henry, Lord Darnley in his place. Henry, Lord Darnley — the right choice? When Mary met him for the first time at Wemyss in Fife she thought him 'the lustiest and best proportioned lang tall man she had seen'.
BeatonSetonFlemingand Livingston. Mary and Francis in Catherine de' Medici 's book of hoursc. She was considered a pretty child and later, as a woman, strikingly attractive.
Henry commented that "from the very first day they met, my son and she got on as well together as if they had known each other for a long time". Yet, in the eyes of many Catholics, Elizabeth was illegitimate, and Mary Stuart was therefore the rightful queen of England as the senior surviving legitimate descendant of Henry VII through her grandmother Margaret Tudor.
Under the terms of the Treaty of Edinburghsigned by Mary's representatives on 6 JulyFrance and England undertook to withdraw troops from Scotland and France recognised Elizabeth's right to rule England.
However, the seventeen-year-old Mary, still in France and grieving for her mother, refused to ratify the treaty. King Francis II died on 5 Decemberof a middle ear infection that led to an abscess in his brain.
Only four of the councillors were Catholic: Even the one significant later addition to the council, Lord Ruthven in Decemberwas another Protestant whom Mary personally disliked. She joined with Lord Moray in the destruction of Scotland's leading Catholic magnate, Lord Huntly, in after he led a rebellion in the Highlands against her.
Elizabeth refused to name a potential heir, fearing that to do so would invite conspiracy to displace her with the nominated successor. However, when her uncle, the Cardinal of Lorrainebegan negotiations with Archduke Charles of Austria without her consent, she angrily objected and the negotiations foundered.
Life and Deathline of Mary, Queen of Scots
Mary was horrified and banished him from Scotland. He ignored the edict, and two days later he forced his way into her chamber as she was about to disrobe. She reacted with fury and fear, and when Moray rushed into the room, in reaction to her cries for help, she shouted, "Thrust your dagger into the villain!