Relationship between crystallography and mineralogy for kids

Quartz: Mineral information, data and localities.

relationship between crystallography and mineralogy for kids

minerals to immobilize hazardous waste, the relation- ships between minerals and goes with learning crystallography, and it is often the first time that students . children in a form that is easily comprehensible to them at early stages of their . Nov 13, Minerals are an integral part of the structure of the Earth. Explore what What is the difference between minerals and rocks? Toggle content. The child image is a video. You can explore the crystal structure of quartz with the interactive tool JSmol further down this page. The relationship between handedness of the crystals and the symmetry of the structure and hence the optical.

relationship between crystallography and mineralogy for kids

Mineralienatlas-English or Mineralienatlas-German - Mineralienatlas is a non-commercial project with a focus on mineralogy, paleontology, geology, mining, and deposits localities. Mineral Spectroscopy Server - information about color in minerals and access to data on Mineral Absorption Spectra in the visible and infrared regions of the spectrum and Raman spectra of minerals.

Most data on the server were obtained in the California Institute of Technology mineral spectroscopy labs.

Crystallography & Mineralogy: Lecture 7. Optical Mineralogy

Zeolite Database - provides structural information on all zeolite structure types. This includes crystallographic data and drawings for all zeolite framework types, simulated powder patterns for representative materials and relevant references.

LEPR contains experimental data on coexisting minerals and melts quenched from magmatic experiments, including phase compositions and, when available, proportions.

relationship between crystallography and mineralogy for kids

LEPR also includes data pertaining to experimental techniques, such as the type of experimental device and container employed during each experiment, the duration of each experiment, and so on. Quartz is among the last minerals that form during the solidification of a magma, and because the crystals fill the residual space between the older crystals of other minerals they are usually irregular. Euhedral, stubby bipyramidal quartz crystals are occasionally found in rhyolites.

These are usually paramorphs after beta-quartz with hexagonal symmetry, quartz crystals whose trigonal habit shows that they grew as alpha-quartz are very rare in volcanic rocks e.

What are minerals?

Flick and Weissenbach, Only rarely are euhedral quartz crystals seen embedded in metamorphic rocks Kenngott, ; Tschermak, ; Heddle, Identification In most cases quartz is easy to identify by its combination of the following properties: Note that in macrocrystalline quartz the fracture surfaces have a vitreous to resinous luster, whereas in cryptocrystalline quartz chalcedony fractured surfaces are dull.

Crystals are very common and their usually six-sided shape and six-sided pyramidal tips are well-known. Intergrown crystals without tips can often be recognized by the presence of the characteristic striation on the prism faces.

Quartz as a rock-forming mineral, in particular as irregular grains in the matrix, occasionally poses problems and may require additional means of identification. It may be confused with cordierite pleochroic, tendency to alteration and nepheline lower hardness, geological environment incompatible with quartz.

In thin sections macrocrystalline quartz appears clear and homogeneous, with blue-gray to white or bright yellow interference colors and a low relief.

What are minerals? - The Australian Museum

Quartz does not show alterations at grain boundaries. Strained quartz grains from metamorphic rocks show a so-called "undulatory extinction" Blatt and Christie, ID Requirements on Mindat Quartz is one of the few minerals on Mindat where "visual identification" may be accepted as a method of identification for new locality entries and photos of well-formed crystals. In other cases, at least hardness should be checked, too. It is measured in comparison to water where water has a specific gravity of 1.

For example, pyrite has a specific gravity of 5 and quartz has a specific gravity of 2.


Color - Although color is often used to describe a mineral, it sometimes isn't the best way to tell one mineral from another as one type of mineral can come in several different colors. Types of Minerals There are many different types of minerals, but they are often divided into two groups: Silicates are minerals that contain silicon and oxygen.

The rest of the minerals are lumped into a group called non-silicates. Some important non-silicate minerals include: Carbonates - Carbonates contain carbonate CO3 combined with some other element.

  • Mineral-Related Links

Calcite is a mineral made from carbonate and calcium. Halides - Halides contain a halogen element as the main element. Table salt NaCl is a halide mineral made from the halogen chlorine Cl and sodium Na.

Oxides - Oxides are minerals where the main element is oxygen.

Educational Sites

Chromite is an oxide mineral made from iron, chromium, and oxygen. Sulfides - Sulfides contain sulfur and one or more metals or semimetals.

relationship between crystallography and mineralogy for kids

Pyrite is a sulfide made from iron and sulfur. Native elements such as copper, gold, diamond, graphite, and sulfur can be thought of as a third group of minerals.

relationship between crystallography and mineralogy for kids