Religion and Sustainable Agriculture | Reading Religion
The paper attempted to explore the essence of the relationship between religion and efficiency of production in agriculture. Thus, we carried out an empirical. Distinct practices of eating are at the heart of many of the world's faith traditions Religion and Sustainable Agriculture: World Spiritual Traditions and Food Ethics beings, establishing our connections to natural, social, and ultimate reality. Falvey - Religion and Agriculture: Sustainability in Christianity and Buddhism .. the relationship between insight and sustainability points to a need for each of.
Chapter 4 highlights Hawaii and details the differences in the spiritual implementation of permaculture between the global north and the global south. Chapters 5, 6 and 7 focus on the religious influence of East Indian traditions within the subcontinent, and Chapter 8 relays the perspective of Buddhism and active efforts to instill religious traditions in farming in Thailand. The focus of Chapters 9 and 10 are the Hebrew Bible in relation to farming practices in Israel. Chapter 11 assesses the collective farm relative to its religious and community-based practice.
Though the cultures explored are geographically diverse, the subjects of focus are small rural communities. Despite the significant variations in religious and spiritual traditions, balance with the environment is projected as their common societal norm. Given the subject and the discussion, the book does project—through its omission—a bias toward rural versus urban settings. The latter may have been a nexus to evaluating present agricultural practices relative to the religion-inspired values presented.
From this perspective, inclusion of the moral philosophical roots of modern economic theory, specifically addressing the Physiocrats—the French school that focused on the value of agriculture for community sustainability relative to manufacturing—could have enhanced the application of the book while also highlighting historical progression of religious and spiritual traditions. However, though this addition may have proven additive, even without the inclusion, Religion and Sustainable Agriculture succeeds in surfacing alternatives to present agricultural practices where the alternatives, due to their religious and spiritual basis, promote holistic sustainability and further where stewardship takes precedence over dominance.
Religion and agriculture - Wikipedia
About the Reviewer s: Madhavi Venkatesan is assistant professor of economics at Bridgewater State University. In the present paper we put forward the various theoretical advances to elucidate the essence of the relationship between religion and economic performance by authors, as following: Smith, had thoroughly discussed the issue in his manuscript entitled: The author was the first to pose the question of religious thought and economic growth.
He developed also his own theory about the significance of the moral background on economic performance, through giving prime attention to the religion as producer of moral information that in return contributed in stimulating productivity of believers. According to the author, the religion diversity in a country raises the competition between the different economic agents, driving to improvement in production.
Adam Smith raised the statement that moral structure has a pivotal role in motivating the person to exert more efforts at work, and in return, to improve the economic performance. Weber attempted to find out the significant effect of religion on economic development, by exploring the effect of the Protestant ethic and the development of capitalist doctrine.
Evidence from Protestantism and Agriculture behavior from respecting their religious foundations. According to Weber, the religious beliefs of the Protestants tended to raise the economic performance through accumulating material wealth.
It seems obvious that the Protestant religion relies on attributing sacred value for working involvement. It considered the wealth creation as a godsend and it remains the direct result of the rational behavior that seems to be reinforced by the value of their religion in their current life. According to Weber, the capitalism diffused in the world is not highly focused on Protestant ethics, but the following of such ethics is facilitating the spread of capitalist doctrine through implementing the rational behavior in the economic agents and creating competition among them.पारसी एक रहस्यमय समाज -Parsi Religion
Hanssmann and Millendorfer The authors consider that the Protestant ethics inserted in economic agents the devotion for working, which played a pivotal role in raising the efficiency of using the production factors.
The effect arose obviously through the efficiency of the labor factor. Furthermore, given the appropriate planning in production activities, the authors assumed that the Protestant ethics contributed significantly to improving the economic outcome in overall. The authors also stressed that religion could rise the economic development through inserting positive ethics in the economic actors, like honesty and sincerity. Therefore, it should contribute in reducing corruption and embedding good governance.
Such notions are adequate for attracting foreign investment and stimulating domestic opportunities in business. The authors presumed also that religion could lead to improve the health standard, through preventing gambling activities or alcohol drinking.
Evidence from Protestantism and Agriculture overall. Barro and Mc Cleary Overall, they suppose that evolution and changes in consumption should definitely alter the market demand.
In their paper, Barro and Mc Cleary carried out an empirical investigation to gather new evidence about illustrating the nature of the relationship existing between religion and economic growth. The authors conducted their empirical research relying on rigorous methodology, and in accordance with the recent improvements of econometrics.
They found some significant findings that enabled them to raise an interesting statement.
In other terms, they inferred that religious belief tends to increase the economic growth, and thus, it consolidated the pivotal role of religion in modern economy. The present paper attempted to explore the relationship between religion and economic performance, in accordance with the efficiency perspective.
In other terms, the author carried out an empirical research to find out if the religion disparities affect the efficiency of production factors in the economic performance; the present paper considers the agriculture sector as an example.
The efficiency notion relies on the optimized use of production factors to realize the best output.
Religion and Sustainable Agriculture
Evidence from Protestantism and Agriculture economic literature asserts that several theoretical advances focuse on finding out rigorous methodologies towards determining an obvious framework about reaching the efficiency. The efficiency relies on summarizing the objective to produce with the best production method.
It enabled us to presume that the efficiency concept attributed prime attention to the exploit of least inputs to manufacture the best output. In other terms, efficiency is focused on the notion of optimal use of resources to produce the best level with minimum costs. Examining the economic literature, it enabled us to denote that the efficiency topic remains focused on two major approaches: The main objective of the cost approach focuses on determining the proper function of costs related to the production of the firm or the sector, then it attempted to minimize that function for a given production level.
For the production approach, the principal aim of the methodology is based on assuming a specific production function as reference, and then, we attempt to maximize the level of output for given quantity of factors. For the current paper, it is in line with the production approach to assess the efficiency of the agriculture production, in which the author distinguished among Catholic, Protestant and others to find out if there are some discrepancies. To carry out the present empirical research, it stems the need to mention some important assumptions related to the empirical investigation: Evidence from Protestantism and Agriculture have the same agricultural production function.
Protestants, Catholics, Buddhists, non-religious people and other Christians. Therefore, in the final equation of the estimation, we made the logarithm of the formula to render the model linear. The empirical research conducted in this paper relies on estimating the effect of religious disparities on growth for a group of European countries. In the present investigation, we adopted the method of cross-sectional panel ondue to the stability of proportions of religious shares in these countries and the availability of data.
The methodology adopted relied on the production approach due to the nature of data, and to the nature of the variables used in the estimation. The model presentation and the sources of data: The present paper relied on carrying out an empirical research.
In the pattern conducted, the dependent variable is the production value of agriculture as share from the GDP. The author considered that variable as best indicator of the production in agricultural sector. Evidence from Protestantism and Agriculture With: According to the nature of the model conducted in the current investigation, the author utilized a panel of explanatory variables: The study relied on a cross section estimation with the choice of the year as base.
In the panel of the survey, we kept the following 17 countries: The source of data: In the empirical investigation, we used a panel of variables that we gathered from two major databases: Evidence from Protestantism and Agriculture 3.
The empirical research relies on examining the presence of discrepancies in the yield of workers focusing on the difference in their religion. In the present investigation, we ended by identifying several patterns showing glaring discrepancies in the productivity of workers. Applying the efficiency approach, we reached valuable outcome that we could summarize in Table 1.
The outcome of the empirical research.